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Gender in Art: 6 Artists Questioning Gender Norms

Many contemporary artists are using their practice to question gender norms. Explore 6 examples of this emerging trend in Rise Art's blog.

By Ruth Millington

Challenges to traditional depictions of gender in art are becoming increasingly common. Many contemporary artists are using their practice to question gender norms. It reflects a wider societal shift: increasingly, we are challenging traditionally feminine and masculine ideals to blur boundaries. Meet 6 emerging figurative artists who re-define gender identity through depictions of the body, dress and everyday objects.


1. Kim Leutwyler

Kim Leutwyler, ‘Watson’, oil and acrylic on canvas, 2018 © Kim Leutwyler

Sydney-based artist Kim Leutwyler is known for her colourful paintings of LGBTQ-identified and queer-allied women. Many of her subjects are close friends, pictured against bold patterns in a celebration of diversity. Androgyny, body art, gender confirmation surgery and piercings are not uncommon among the people you see in her work.


2. Kehinde Wiley

Kehinde Wiley uses heroic portrait painting to address the image of young African-American men. His work challenges media representation of black masculinity as synonymous with violence. Instead, he embraces differences in gender. His subjects come casually dressed in everyday clothing, with tattoos and wristbands on show. Often painted against floral wallpapers, he powerfully repositions black male bodies as objects of desire, eroticism, and vulnerability.


3. Olivera Parlic

Bloody Shoes’ is one of Olivera Parlic’s symbolic artworks which question gender and sexuality.

Olivera Parlic is a Serbian artist who transforms everyday items into subversive sculptures. In many of her works, she displaces objects associated with domesticity, questioning the expected role of women in the home. In others, fetishistic sculptures are fashioned from hair, rubber gloves and high heels, highlighting – rather than suppressing­ – women’s sexual desire.


4. Roxana Halls

 Roxana Halls, ‘Laughing While Eating Strawberries’ oil on linen, 2015 © Roxana Halls

Roxana Hall’s performative paintings depict women in the home. She disrupts the traditional setting by picturing her characters in surreal, strange and surprising poses. Often, you will see them with their mouths open (which is an extremely rare sight in any portrait). In place of demure, prettified housewives are loud, laughing women. Many of them appear slightly sinister.  


5. Kim Jae Jun

 Kim Jae Jun, ‘I Was At a Loss’ oil and acrylic on canvas, 2015

Korean artist Kim Jae Jun’s surreal paintings are inspired by Korean K-pop culture and digital worlds. Hyper-sexualised bodies emerge from a modern dystopia which reflects on the internet era, contemporary culture and taboos. Instead of inviting the viewers’ gaze, erotic bodies are cut off and disrupted by thorny branches, animals or a car crash. Gender mutates within multiple narratives and strange juxtapositions.


6. Joe Hesketh

Joe Hesketh, ‘Facebook’, oil painting, 2017

Joe Hesketh’s large, narrative paintings challenge clichés of women. Instead of portraying so-called ‘ideal’ figures, she paints strong women in all shapes and forms. In many of her images, she uses exaggerated, cartoon-like proportions to poke fun at the overly-sexualised representation of women in art history. 

Ruth Millington is an arts and culture blogger, freelance writer and art historian.

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